Guide for Calathea Ornata Care and Propagation (Beginner Guide)

Introduction

Calathea ornata is a beautiful houseplant. Its green leaves with pink stripe lining make it a great sight for any viewer. It is common for people to decorate their houses with this plant. Usually people who have plants in their homes are aware of plant needs. But if you are a newbie, you should first read Calathea ornata care guide. A plant can be a blessing in your house, but if you are not aware of its needs, it can also pose many problems for you.

It is also known as the Pinstripe plant or Pinstripe Plant because of its pink stripe leaves. Its bands like color appearance is the main reason because of which it is also known as peacock plant, cathedral plant or zebra plant. It can grow up to 0.6m(2feet) in height and width.

This plant found in tropical rainy areas like Thailand, Africa, the West Indies, Central America, and South America. There are around 60 species of Calahtea plant. Still, among them, Calathea ornata is the one whose appearance is most cozy and comforting for the eyes.

It is easy to take care of it if you know the growth and propagation requirements. You can avoid all problems if you take good care of the temperature, humidity, water, soil, and fertilizer needs of the plant. But if your plant roots or leaves are already damaged, then the first thing you need to do is prune the damaged area; after this, you need to identify the cause and correct it. Afterwards, you can move to a standard care guide for Calathea ornata.

So, if you have queries like how to take care of Calathea ornata? How to propagate Calathea ornata? Or how to grow Calathea ornata? Then this guide is for you.

RequirementParameter
Temperature 19°C to 28°C
LightIndirect or filtered light
SoilMixture of Peat, Coco coir, perlite and pumice
WaterPure Water / Rain water / Filtered Water
FertilizerSeasol fish emulsion, liquid fertilizer or compost fertilizers like worm castings
HumidityHigh humidity (60% or higher humidity)
Calathea Ornata Requirement Table

Calathea Ornata Water Requirement

This plant is native to tropical areas and it requires a good amount of water for growth and propagation. But the question how much water Calathea ornata need? The easiest way to check the water need of this plant is using fingers to check whether the soil is dry or wet. Just place your finger in the soil up to a depth of 2 inches or 5 centimeters; if the soil is dry it needs water otherwise, it is good.

Calathea ornata water needs vary from season to season. Unlike Calathea orbifolia it is more sensitive to drought or dry conditions. In the summer season, it is essential that you check your plant soil twice or more a week to see whether it needs water or not. As compared to it in winter, the check and balance system is not that important as far water needs are a concern. You can water your this plant two times a week in cold season.

If the provided conditions are good for it you may experience Calathea ornata flower bloom. It is often confused with Calathea majestica ‘White star’, which is a different plant.

Most people are concern about how will they know that they are doing something wrong as far water needs of the plant are concerned. In a simple way, if you are overwatering your its leaves will become wilt, or you will have an issue like root rot. You get rid of it by changing the soil; it will also allow you to get sure of whether your Calathea has developed root rot or not.

Where in the case of underwatering your plant, you face issues like Calathea ornata yellow leaves. You can get rid of them is to prune the damaged area and correct what caused it.

Calathea Ornata In White Pot
Calathea Ornata

It is important that the water you are using for it is pure, filtered or boiled because if it contains chemicals, it can disturb the chemical structure of the plant and ruin the leaves’ beauty leading to issues like the browning of Calathea ornata leaves. 

Calathea Ornata Temperature Requirement

All plants show good growth at some temperature, also known as optimum temperature. Calathea ornata shows good growth between 19 °C to 28 °C. It is important that you maintain the temperature between this range.

Calathea Ornata Care and Propagation Guide Video

You cannot control the temperature unless your plant is inside the house. This plant also does not like the sudden change in temperature; for this, it is important you place it away from air condition rooms or door sides. 

Why Maintaining Temperature Is Important for Calathea Ornata?

All plants and living organisms’ cells have organelles like mitochondria and chloroplast. All these organelles do the internal functioning of all cells in plants. To operate at a good rate, it is important that the temperature is in the optimum range. A little higher temperature can denature the enzymes and kill the cellular mechanism, and a little lower temperature below the optimum range can halt the cellular system; both cases can lead to multiple problems.

Calathea ornata also does not like a sudden temperature change. It can disturb their day and night dance movement, eventually ruining your plant’s beauty.

So, in the case of plants, especially temperature-sensitive plants, it is important that you are aware of their optimum range because it can save you from a lot of problems.

Calathea Ornata Care and Propagation In United States

In the United States, temperature varies from place to place, so Calathea ornata propagation is not an easy job. Suppose you live in Glendale or its surrounding area. In that case, from May to October in all the months temperature lies in a suitable range for it. Where in other months either the temperature is too hot or too cold the best thing at that time is this that you take it inside the house.

In this image Calathea ornata temperature requirement, light requirement, humidity requirement and soil requirement is explained in form of an image.
Calathea Ornata Requirements Infographic

Calathea Ornata Care and Propagation In Australia

In Australia winter season from June to August can pose a problem for your Calathea if it is not inside the house. In case you are living in Newcastle then from September to April all months are good as far temperature is concerned. Because in these months’ the temperature variation stayed between 17 °C to 25 °C.

As far winter season is a related, you need to make sure that you place your plant inside the house to avoid problems.

Calathea Ornata Care And Propagation In New Zealand

New Zealand lies in different zones as far as temperature is concerned. The northern area of New Zealand is in the subtropical zone, fulfilling the native temperature requirement of Calathea ornata. In this area, from January to mid of April temperature is around 20 °C, optimum for plant growth. In all other months, you need to place your plant inside the house.

Calathea Ornata Care and Propagation In the United Kingdom

In United Kingdom only June and July are two months when the temperature is 20 °C, which is optimum for Calathea ornata growth. In any other month except these two you need to keep your plant inside the house.

Calathea Ornata Light Requirement

Calathea ornata is a native plant of tropical rain forests areas. It is common in those areas that light mainly falls through large trees, or you can say in the native environment, it grows in indirect sunlight or shady light.

When you have this plant at your home or in your garden, it is better if you put it in such a place where it can get indirect light. You can place it at a closed window, inside a greenhouse or in-home garden. Direct light can damage the Calathea leaves and mess up the plant’s humidity cycle where little or dim sunlight can result in poor plant growth.

If you are worried, how will you know what kind of light related issue your plant is facing? In this case, if your plant starts losing its pink stripes or pink lines start fading, then it is because of too much direct light. As compared to it, in case of little light, your plant will show poor growth.

You need to make sure that no one place your plant at such a place where sunlight and inner house light both are falling on it; in such case, it disturbs the plant’s diurnal cycle eventually messing up day and night dance like nyctinasty movement ruining your prayer plant.

In some cases, you can experience that Calathea pink stripe leaves will start to fade. If this happen, consider it a sign that something is wrong with Calathea ornata, it is alarming.

Why Maintaining Indirect Sunlight is Important? 

Almost all plants need sunlight to prepare their food through photosynthesis. Plants contain a structure called phytochrome, which detects light. They do not respond to all spectrums of sunlight; instead, they are responsive to a small spectrum range of light. Indirect sunlight falls in that spectrum range responsible for photosynthesis in Calathea. A little high or low sunlight results in stunted growth of the plant.

Calathea Ornata Soil Requirement

Calathea ornata requires a good amount of water to show proper growth. In other, your soil must retain water for Calathea without clogging its roots. It is important that you use the correct combination of the soil that can retain moisture without clogging the roots.

Finding the right combination of soil for this plant can be difficult if you are not aware of soil chemistry. Different combinations of Peat, Coco coir, Perlite and Pumice are used as soil for Calathea ornata. In most cases, Peat moss and Perlite are used in 50% proportion each. This combination creates an oxygenated soil medium that can retain moisture and does not result in root clogging.

In this image Calathea Ornata Soil Requirement are explained in form of infographics. Soil must retain moisture and there should not be any waterlogging. Combination of peat, perlite and pumice are use for this purpose.
Calathea Ornata Soil Requirement

Different combinations of Peat, Coco coir, Perlite and Pumice are used as soil mediums for Calathea ornata. A good mixture containing two parts of peat or coco coir and one part of perlite is considered the optimum soil medium. This mixture creates an oxygenated soil medium that can retain moisture.

Features of Good Calathea Ornata Soil

The best combinations of soil must have these features:

  • It can retain moisture without causing the clogging of roots.
  • Allow proper oxygen exchange and airflow in soil for roots.
  • You need a proper drainage system to avoid it.
  • The soil must maintain a good pH level for Calathea ornata growth.

Calathea Ornata Humidity Requirement

Calathea ornata is a tropical region specie, and it needs a high humidity environment for growth and propagation. Please keep the humidity level 60% or higher around your Calathea ornata. You can use different equipment and methods for this purpose.

In this image Calathea Ornata Humidity Problem Solution are discussed. You can use misting or water spray on your plant to maintain the humidity level. But you need to make sure that water is pure otherwise, it can damage plant leaves. idifier is a little expensive. But if you live in cold areas like in the UK, it is the best thing you can have to manage your plant humidity. Group plants together in one place: In case you are a gardener, then you know that you can place similar types of plants in one place, and they will manage things all by themselves; just make sure you put a water source around them like a small pond or water fountain. Other than these the most common way to maintain the humidity level for Calathea ornata. You place your plant pot on a pebble tray. The water in the tray keeps the surrounding plant wet.
Calathea Ornata Humidity Problem Solution

Here are a few ways that you can use to manage the plant humidity required level:

  • Showering or misting: You can use misting or water spray on your plant to maintain the humidity level. But you need to make sure that water is pure otherwise, it can damage plant leaves.
  • Wipe the leaves with a wet cloth: Pick a clean cloth, dip it in pure water and use it to keep your Calathea ornata moist.
  • Water Pebble tray: It is the most common way to maintain the humidity level for Calathea ornata. You place your plant pot on a pebble tray. The water in the tray keeps the surrounding plant wet.
  • Plant Humidifier: Using a plant humidifier is a little expensive. But if you live in cold areas like in the UK, it is the best thing you can have to manage your plant humidity. Group plants together in one place: In case you are a gardener, then you know that you can place similar types of plants in one place, and they will manage things all by themselves; just make sure you put a water source around them like a small pond or water fountain.

Calathea Ornata Fertilizer Requirement

You do not need to worry as far fulfilling Calathea ornata fertilizer requirement is concerned. They mostly need fertilizing in the growing seasons, whereas the fertilizer requirement is not the same in winter.

If we discuss the fertilizer recommendation for Calathea ornata, then, in this case, seasol fish emulsion, liquid fertilizer or compost like worm castings are mostly used. But if you are not aware of their use and want to make things easy going for yourself, you can also use Jacks Classic 20-20-20 All Purpose Fertilizer. Jack Classic All Purpose fertilizer is highly recommended for moisture-loving plants.

Suppose you are a busy person and cannot take care of Calathea ornata fertilizer schedule. Then, in this case, it is recommended that you use slow-release fertilizers.

Guide for Calathea Ornata Pruning

It is not a difficult task to prune the Calathea ornata damaged leaves or roots. Before this, you must identify the cause behind the problem. After elimination of the factor which results in leaves or root problems, you can move to prune the damaged area of the plant.

Calathea ornata yellow leaves, root rot, brown leaves and pest damage areas all are pruned to keep the plant healthy.

Here is the Calathea ornata pruning method:

  1. Carefully remove the root section from the soil.
  2. Use a sterile brush to remove the extra dirt from the soil.
  3. Now get a sterile blade to cut the extra grown areas of leaves or roots.
  4. Now take a new pot and put your plant in it.
  5. Put the soil and apply water to yourplant.
In this image Calathea Ornata Leaves are shown.
Calathea Ornata Leaves

Calathea Ornata Repotting

In a good environment, Calathea ornata can grow up to the size of 2 feet in height and 2 feet in width. Pruning and repotting are two different things. In pruning, we remove the damaged area and put the plant in the same port unless it is infected with pests. In comparison to pruning in repotting, we change the entire pot because of the overgrown plant.

If your plant is not showing good growth after the pot change, then there can be an issue with the soil, or you have picked the oversize pot. When you are changing the pot, you need to make sure that the new pot is 4 centimetres bigger than the last one.

The main steps in repotting are mentioned below:

  • Select a pot that is 5 centimeters larger than the last one.
  • Use the sterile blade to cut the damaged area if there is any; otherwise remove the extra root area.
  • Fill the pot with the appropriate mixture of soil combination.
  • Then water your plant.

Saving Calathea Ornata

Calathea ornata care and propagation can be difficult if you live in such areas where your plant is open to pest attacks.

If you live in moist areas the moist conditions, there are good chances that your Calathea ornata can become a victim of a fungal attack. In most scenarios, the common fungal problem it face is Powdery mildew. It can result in yellow leaves or root rot. You can avoid this situation by changing your plant soil from time to time.

Calathea ornata large pink stripe leaves are an attraction for pests. It is common for pests like Aphids and Whitefly to attack this plant. They can damage your Calathea plant; to avoid this, keep a regular eye on your plant.

In most cases, Calathea ornata is damaged by Thrips. People notice them when it is too late for their plants because they mostly damage the plant underside of the leaves.

Make sure you check the potting soil from time to time because, in some cases, insects leave their eggs on top of the soil, which later becomes an issue for owners.

from Pests and Diseases

Calathea ornata care and propagation can be difficult if you live in such areas where your plant is open to pest attacks.

If you live in moist areas the moist conditions, there are good chances that your Calathea can become a victim of a fungal attack. In most scenarios, the common fungal problem Calathea ornata face is Powdery mildew. It can result in yellow leaves or root rot. You can avoid this situation by changing your plant soil from time to time.

Calathea large pink stripe leaves are an attraction for pests. It is common for pests like Aphids and Whitefly to attract Calathea ornata. They can damage your Calathea plant; to avoid this, keep a regular eye on your plant.

In most cases, Calathea ornata is damaged by Thrips. People notice them when it is too late for their plants because they mostly damage the plant underside of the leaves.

Make sure you check the potting soil from time to time because, in some cases, insects leave their eggs on top of the soil, which later becomes an issue for owners.

Pest Control for Calathea Ornata

First of all, we will discuss the method to get rid of Thrips. You need to follow these steps:

  • In the first step, create a good mixture of neem oil, water and insecticide soap.
  • In the second step, put all the mixture solution into a cleaned spraying bottle.
  • Then spray this solution on the damaged area and the plant’s leaves.
  • In the last step, you just need to trim the leaves in the damaged area.
In this image thrips infestation of Calathea ornata is shown.
Thrips On Calathea Ornata

You can also use this neem oil method to get rid of Whitefly and Spider mites. Please make sure you check from time to time about spider mites so that you can stay alarmed about them.

As far as Aphids are concerned, you can use a mixture of alcohol and water. You need to rub this mixture on leaves and prune the damaged area.

Saving Calathea from pets and fungus can be difficult if you are not aware of the threat. But if you are properly guided, then it is not a big deal for you to get rid of them.

Conclusion

It is easy to take care of your plant when you know its need. In the house, people know how to fix a car tire? How to take care of a broken table? In this same way, you just need to learn about your Calathea ornata care and propagation to take good care of it. For any new owner it is advised that first he gets aware of the plant’s needs for growth and care, because the first step of anything is learning. If you don’t want to get into the details, read the Calathea ornata care guide and follow the expert opinion. The rest will take care of itself.

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